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WELCOME TO HADCHIT HISTORY

     Writing about Hadchit history leads and pushes us to write briefly about the maronite’s history in the North.

 

Political situation:

      Our territory is the former Phoenician coast (which is now the Lebanese coast with its west mountains), with its political center in “Tyre" . The government was Byzantian, and our native people helped the Byzantian leaders in military and the public employment. But all of them obeyed the Byzantian rules. Also they founded Antioche(Entakia) as capital.                                                                                     

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People Kinds:

     The habitants were a mixture of many people , but the majority was from the Cananuns(Kanhaniin), the Phoenician and Arameeus (Aramiin) ,that became known after as the “Syriac”.                                                                                

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Population diversity

     The religious and the bloody conflicts against the Maronites, who believe in one nature “Jesus Christ”, led to a big or huge immigration, from the El Assy lake(Bassin El Assy) in Syria to the Harsh mountains to protect themselves from the enemies. But , these mountains had been occupied before, because many Romans and Byzantian landmarks like fortresses and temples could be found there. Some of these landmarks were transferred in to churches like in Kfarsalwan , Baskinta , and Kfarzebian . But it can be assumed that this influence was weak because of the religious transference.

Though being a reserved community, Maronites and the Maradites played an important role in the different development of the area .

By this time (the second part of first century after Jesus Christ ) , Saint John Maron had come to Lebanon (according to the Maronite historical testimony ) as a bishop. Relatively by that time the biggest maronite community in Phoenicia had been founded in the north ,in Batroun.

William the Tyrian , the crusaders historian, wrote that by the twelfth century the number reached about 40 thousands. The priest Lammens counted about 30 villages in the North inhabited by the Maronites, whose language was the Arameens or the Syriac in writing and speaking.

Most probable that these villages had founded small communities, which were linked to each other by the religion. (Independent Religion Leadership obeyed Rome ) . First, these communities were governed by Byzantiunn ; then by the muslisms. According to what found out , we can begin writing about  the Hadchit history which roots lie in the onset of the historical and political development of these communities.

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Nomination :

     According to its Phoenician interpretation the word (hadch) means the new moon , which can be understood as the new Hadchit or the new village .

Hadchit is a Syriac word, which is the name of the six temples , which had been built by Bathelemy(Batlimous), the fifth king of Egypt, on the Lebanese mountain according to the story , mentioned by Antony Abi Khater in his book "The Brief History of Lebanon".

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Its position during the Byzantian rule:

      One of the oldest villages in the North of Lebanon is Batroon. It was a religious and military station of the Romans because a lot of Roman constructions can be found here. In the center of the village, there is a statue of the ruler of Ghadisha, besides, there had been the citadel which fell down with time and its stones were used to build the church of Saint “Chkif”, with one wall over looking the north and the other three sides covered by the nature.

      According to the scientist , the priest Maurice Callen, the Romans used Hadchit to protect the Valley of Ghadisha on their way to Tripoli and Amioun, because of its favorable natural geographical position.

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The Middle Ages

    In this time the Hadchit community was clearly formed and it participated in all the religious and political evolutions that occurred in its region.

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Religious traits:

      Many historians, among them the Patriarch Daniel Hadchity (1282-1278),

testify the importance of our communities in preserving the homogenity and religion  of the area ,especially when it was necessary to withstand the attacks and influence of the other religious views and creeds .

In this epoch, the Maronites made the (Myrrhoun)soap from the olive oil and the grease perfume, which was made from 12 greasy substances. The Patriarch martyred in 1282 after standing up to Egyptian conquerors for forty days  in Ehden.

David, the son of Josline; became a priest in 1401  with blessing of the Patriarch John El Jaji, This bishop was also a historian according to bishop Jacob from Kania who mentioned him in "the Book of Law" under the name of the Bishop David . In 1402, a big disaster befell the area, and the life became very expensive; therefore many people died because of famine. On the other hand, Armia Al Amchity entered Rome, according to the Bishop it was in 1213. The son of Claii stayed in Rome for five years and one month and died on February 16,1429 according to the priest Ibrahim, the son of the priest Stephan from Baakafra. His nephew, the historian and the Bishop, the son of John of Josline succeed him in the days of the Patriarch Peter, the son of Joseph of Jacob who was known by the name of the son of Hassan. This bishop mentioned that in 1463, during the king El Zaher rule the star appeared in the east followed by a dryness on the coast. As a result, all the harvests were spoilt.

The loyalty of people of Hadchit in serving their church was described in the stories written by the Yakobian priest (Jacob from Habachee) who lived in the monastery in Kannobin Valley, then after a while left it because people of Hadchit were expecting him and inspired by him .

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The religions Landmarks:

      there are a lot of churches that the village and its valley are rich in:

Church of saint Romanoce, intercessor of the village was built by the priest yard El Hadchity .

Sarkis and Bakos church , on the mountain St Chmouneé with the monastery cross which has some pictures and paintings on its walls.

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Political role :

      Hadchit played an important role in the leadership of El Jebbh, even though this role was contrary to the Maronite believes and the traditions of Hadchit. But we have to mention it to show the efficiency of the Hadchit community.

In the epoch of the major Abd Menem, son of Assaf, the Jacobin(Yacobia )conquered El Jebbh after a severe attack . This led to a conflict between the major and the Patriarch. In its attempt to support his political and regional position he brought some Jacobins, one of them was Hajj Hasan, and let them reside in Hadchit. One of the Jacobins was the priest Jhon who changed the religious rules and tried to work out a laical law to rule the country and this by with the mayjor's and his brothers help.. The priest Elijah, who became after that a bishop ,and the clergyman George, who was the Cheikh of Hadchit, were the major’s man advisors .

In 1579 Joseph Basha, son of Saifa the Turkeshman, ruler of Tripoli appointed the clergyman Khater and the clergyman Bakhoss, son of Sder of Hadchity,to rule Jebbeh state.

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Modern times

       The Hadchit community wasn’t a closed community, because it was widely spread inside and outside the country due to the immigration.

Inside the country, it was the immigration to the Bekaah with economical motivations where they founded many villages for examples: Noja ,Valley of Ratl, the Kadam among the inhabitants of this villages there were a lot of brilliant people in different domains of science and economy.

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Economic situation :

       The Hadchit community depended on the agriculture which later became commercial especially in the planting and harvesting fruits like apples and pears. In addition many grains like wheat and corn were cultivated here but their production was not considerable and later was turned to growing vegetables because of the increasing demand due to the growing number of people and high price .As far as the industry is concerned it has recently started to develop especially in construction and carpentry. 

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Social diversity:

    The Hadchit community is composed of some groups of families who had appeared in the middle ages when the community was founded. That’s why the community reflects the influence of the different customs and habits which spread to a lot of countries where hadchit people reunited in the name of love ,unity and charity , as well as sharing sadness and happiness has also become an outstanding distinguishing feature of the relationships.

On saint Mary’s day people make a special food “Hrissy”.

In addition to their dependence on the agriculture sector, there was also the art of building. Which has its own personality characterizing.

The country: the stone used in construction of castles and buildings. The religious institutions founded, in addition to their religious mission, the first main economical and social institution. It is the Boise in the life of the village.

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Families

Famelies who live now in Hadchit:

Saaeib – Semaan – Chehady – Sakr – Rizk – Agha – Nazha – Bayssary –  younes

zahra – Sassine. 

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Hadchit altitude

The altitude of Hadchit 1350 meters and its distance from beyrouth 130 KM.

The population about 12000 people. The houses number about 600. 

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Hadchit Limits

East:    Becharre

West:   Blawza

North:  Ehden

South:   Hasroun, Bazoun, Diman

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